A little history of the organization of Bektashism in Albania
Naim Frashëri with “Fletorja e Bektashinjte” speaks little but a great book on Bektashism, which he wrote 124 years ago in Bucharest, in 1896, in its content stand out philosophical, doctrinal, mystical, moral and ideological theses that have in themselves the whole opus of Naim, which have irreplaceable values to recognize his broad polygonal and divine worldview. If you study carefully a book like prose and poetry are sikron and give the foundations, they are formulated with an interesting style, which basically give a program, a statute, a constitution, a regulation, almost only the “articles” are missing, for Bektashism. He writes: “Without knowledge and without truth and without brotherhood one cannot become a true Bektashi man. The path of Bektashism is open and straight, the path of wisdom and goodness for those who have a mind, the Bektashis love their soul and the others are Muslim and Christian, they go well and beautiful with all mankind. Bektashi loves humanity, helps poverty, has mercy and pain is a good spirit. ” Interesting in the notebook gives a sketch of the Bektashi organization, the rank or vertical hierarchy of the practice of Bektashism by instituting especially in the role that Bektashism can play in favor of civilization and progress, so this manifesto, statute without article of “Notebook of Bektashis” shows the way its true, which includes the stages of passing the knowledge of the knowledge of Bektashism to obtain the spiritual degree according to capacity and mind in the degrees of true Sufism (tesawuffi) and each performs the duty of degree where he directs and organizes affairs in the tekke or as i they also say dergjah or prehtore. This statute has the doctrine of the founder of Bektashism, Haxhi Bektash Veliu, and of the great reformer, the Second Piri of Bektashism, Ballëm Sultan.
The Congress of Lushnja in January 1920 is a significant event in the history of the Albanian people. ”With its Statute, among other things, there was an article on the recognition of traditional religious beliefs in our country. The National Council (Parliament) for religion brought developments for their future The October Declarations article 1, 2 of 1921 and article 93 of the extended Statute of Lushnja approved by the first Albanian Parliament protected religious beliefs. The Legal Statute of Religious Communities paved the way for the organization of religious communities in Albania in June 1923.
The Albanian Parliament approved the Decree Law on Religious Communities, January 9, 1930. Taking advantage of this legal provision of the Statute, the Bektashis took all measures and as we are known organized the first Bektashi Congress on January 14-17, 1921, in the famous tekke of Prishtës, Skrapar. There they established “autocephaly”, the drafting of the Statute. Congress approved the Bektashi statute, which was renamed the “Bektashi League” with 28 articles. The Atnor Council for the direction and organization of Bektashism in Albania was elected for the first time, based in the tekke of Suka, Përmet.
The Atnor Council consisted of 7 members. Article 1 states: “For the religious administration of the Bektashi tekkes of Albania and to maintain the rule of the Bektashi clerical group, the Congress of Prishtina gave power to chair the” Father Council “formed by Grandpa Ahmet Baba Turani, Tepelena”. This council had full competencies for the administration of tekkes in Albania. Article 12 states: “The general treasury of the Bektashis was established in this Congress to fulfill the desire for Bektashi progress.” Article 19 states: “The Congress decided to establish the” Bektashi School “in the tekke of Suka, where the center of the” Father Council “was marked. There were also special organizational, religious, ceremonial nodes. Also religious holidays such as Matem, Sultan Nevruz etc.
At the Second Bektashi Congress, July 1924 in Gjirokastra, the Statute contained 7 chapters with 72 articles. An important place was given to the institutional organization of Bektashism. First with 3 articles: What is the Bektashi Community? Consisting of lovers, myhibans, dervishes, fathers, grandfathers according to its hierarchy.
It is independent in the Muhammadan religion, and the faith remains inherited according to the special rule. The composition of the (Presidency), the activity, competencies and duties of the Holy Father Council were determined. First they were given more complete powers, self-action, the initiative of this Council, not to violate the Statute, the well-being of the Bektashi Community, the protection of the general interest of the tekkes. It was decided that in parallel with the statute, a regulation should be drafted in the breakdown of its articles with complex tasks that the Bektashi Community had and these were clearly defined. Chapter B of the Statute states: “Rules of Procedure of the Holy Atnuer Council. This Council decrees the chief secretary, secretaries, inspectors, etc., internal and external officials without being its members according to article 23. The Bektashi statute of 1924 preserved the national line. During the Bektashi ceremonies prayers are made for the expansion of the Homeland and for the progress of the people s Albanian, Article 65. The Bektashi community will not be associated in any case with anti-national groups, which disturb the peace of the country and which complement the existence of the Nation. Article 67. The Congress authorized the Holy Atnuer Council to protect at all times the rights of Bektashi shrines in Greece, Macedonia. This also shows the direct connections that existed between them. The Bektashi hierarchy, the leader of each clergyman, the rules of life and activities in the tekke were defined in detail, as the basic link of this structural organization, strict discipline was defined as important factors for the existence of the institutional religious activity of the Bektashi Community. In its articles, the relations with the government were defined correctly. parent. In every religious ceremony, the national flag is placed next to the Bektashi flag. The official language of the Bektashi faith is Albanian. The congress emphasized the assets of the tekkes, for ensuring the livelihood of dervishes and fathers was a necessity according to the principles and structure established in this regard by Haxhi Bektash Veliu. For this he further emphasized the administrative strengthening, the registration of assets on behalf of the Bektashi community, their better administrative control. The council appointed Father Mehmet Kruja, a representative of the Bektashi Community, to a special post to communicate with the government, who was a well-known figure in the Fushë-Krujë tekke. According to the Statute, the religious ceremonies, the feasts of Sultan Nevruz, Matem, which will be on a day marked throughout Albania. In this way, sound foundations were laid to move forward and further the work started and further developments led the Bektashi Community to justify itself until the Third Bektashi Congress of 1929, in Korça, established the World Center of Bektashism in Albania, which is the special merit of Sali Niazi Dede, former World leader in Turkey of Albanian origin from Starja e Kolonjës. Today is the national pride that the Supreme Court is in Albania. An archival document shows the list of tekkes in Albania with the names of the fathers who run the tekke in 1937 with the firm of Sali Niazi Dede. However, the Bektashi Statutes were thrown in successive congresses such as: of Prishtina in Skrapar January 1921, in the Hajdarie tekke in Gjirokastra July 1924, Korça September 1929, after the liberation May 1945, April 1950, July 1993, September 2000, September 2005 in Tirana .
The implementation of Law no. 10057, dated 22.01.2009, “Agreement between the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Albania and the Bektashi World Headquarters for the regulation of mutual relations”. Thus, at the core are those ideas, goals, designs with changes in accordance with the time, based on the “Bektashi Notebook”, which brought about the recognition and propaganda and internal regulations. The history of the development of world Bektashism is an interesting phenomenon known to the world continues to this day. Today, the World Center of Bektashism has been in Albania for 90 years, it is the pride of our country and Bektashism is a wealth of humanity.
Facsimiles of the list of tekkes 1937 and Bektashi statutes 192 1- 2009.