Organization of the Bektashi World Headquarters in the years: 1282-1925
Since its founding, 800 years ago, the Bektashi order has undergone a long process of development, flourishing, decline and rise. This order was directed and organized by the first founding Piri, Haxhi Bektash Veliu (1282-1341) and the Second Piri, Ballëm Sultan (1509-1517). He farsightedly turned the Bektashi sect into an organized order:
Restored a stable hierarchical system and a strong ritual. The hierarchy of Bektashism is this: ashik (worshiper), myhib (spiritual member), dervish, father, grandfather, Caliph, Dede (Grandfather). He has great merit in the institutionalization and further shaping of the Bektashi order.
Ballëm Sultan made changes in the way of applying Bektashi rites and erkan, giving preference to Frqan-Nameja and Tarikat-Nameja.
He also formed the group of mujahideen (unmarried), ie the restoration of the System of Virginity, because this would free the clergy from any other care and they would deal only with religious matters. To distinguish the Bektashi dervishes from others, he introduced the practice of piercing the right ear and putting on the Virgin Earring, called Mengysh. which was done with a special ceremony. He also made changes in the clothes of the clergy. Established order and discipline for the conduct of religious activities and the internal life of the tekkes. Removed the right of inheritance of the Celepin Dynasty.
Therefore in the Bektashi tradition it is considered as Pir-i Sani (Second Piri). From the time of the founding of the Bektashi order came to be enriched and supplemented from the ideological, religious and organizational point of view. Until about the first two 10 years of the century. XVI. Ballem Sultan would give the final form to this order. Many foreign authors write and appreciate the work and life of Ballam Sultan this great disciple of world Bektashism. Because Ballëm Sultan when he came to the helm of the World Center, the Bektashis became more organized, in the narrowest sense of the word. He reformed the Bektashi sect with all its religious elements. The ceremony of faith, which enters the Bektashi way, created by Him, is still used today. He is known for the use of 12 candles during ceremonies, as well as the delivery of the “abandonment stone, otherwise called paliheng”, a wide opal stone (like ice glass), with 12 corners. With Ballam Sultan begins the complete realization of an Order of single and very determined Dervishes, in their mojratetlëk, who, constantly, spiritually and physically stayed in the tekke. This continuity is to this day.
With its structure and organization over the centuries with grandmothers it is as follows:
- The center of Haxhi Bektashi included the part of Central and Western Anatolia.
- The center of Abdall Musaj, summed up other parts of Anatolia.
- The center of Sayyid Ali Sultan in Dimoteka, summed up the whole Balkans, founded in 1305.
- Abdul Mumin’s center in Karbala, Iraq encompassed much of Arabia and Persia.
- The center of Virani Sultan in Iraq, summed up the Middle East.
- The center of Shahkuli Sultan in Istanbul, included the areas along the Black Sea coast.
But the Turkish National Assembly on November 20, 1925, according to which all Bektashi tekkes and shrines in Turkey were closed by law : under these conditions Sali Niazi Dede, who was the World Bektashi Leader in Haji Bektash-Turkey in January 1930 established the Bektashi World Center in Albania