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The Bektashee Museum

Departaments Museum

The Bektashee Museum

The Bektashee Museum was inaugurated on Sep 7th, 2015, as part of the religious-cultural centre. The visitor gets to know chronologically the 800 years-old history of Bektashee through documents, photos and relics as a powerful branch of the Islamic religion trunk, starting with the Holy Quran, the Prophet Mohammad (a.s.), the family of Ehli Bejt and twelve Imams. A special attention is given to the founder of the Bektashee Hajji Bektash Veli and his act, as well as the second Pir, Ballem Sultan and the important reforms that he undertook. Further on, the visitor gets to know the mission, the purpose of Bektashee that have as their source the doctrine:”Four gates, sheriat, tariqat, marifet and hakikat and fourty mekamet”. Sar Salltiku, the Tomorr mountain etc., as holy places and subject to the pilgrimage, are connected to the missionaries and martyrs who set their marks in Albania and beyond. An important place in this museum takes the great contribution of the Albanian Bektashee in the National Movement, as it does also the settlement of the World Bektashee Seat in Tirana by Sali Njazi Dedei. The memoir angle is situated in the center of the museum, in honour of the Bektashian clerics persecuted through centuries. The Bektashee congresses are presented in special stands, from the Prishta Congress on 1921 until the 8th Congress on 2015. The structural organizing of the Bektashee Community is divided into six seats: the seat of Berat, the seat of Korça, the seat of Gjirokastra, the seat of Kruja, the seat of Vlora, the seat of Elbasan. A special stand is dedicated to the tekkes of Detroit (USA), of Tetovo and the tekke of Gjakova. The visitor knows the Bektashee uniforms and hierarchy through the mannequins. In a corner takes place the religious harmony as a bektashee prominent feature, given in different important historical periods of the Albanian people, as well as the stand of the Holy Books as: Tevrati, Zeburi, Gospel and Quran. The rare relics of the Bektashee World Leaders as Dede Ahmet Myftari, Dede Reshat Bardhi, Dede Kamber Prishta and many other clerics are presented in many glass-cases. A special place is dedicated to the contribution of Frashëri brothers and some of their rare publications. The environments of the “Fire-place coffee”, “Ashura” and “Pilgrimage” make an important place of the Bektashee Museum. The monitors enable the visitors to see closely different views of the tekkes, the persecution of the clerics and the ceremony of Ashura. The museum has been build-up under the guidance and care of Hajji Dede Edmond Brahimaj, and many museum specialists, architects, engineers, painters and designers have given their contribution. The museum is continuing to inspire interests to many Albanian and foreign visitors.

 

The Bektashee

The Bektashee is a mystical Islamic path dealing with the perfection of man. It is the path that leads the follower and sends him to the desired objective, in nearness to God. It is that unique mystical line that detaches the follower from all the enjoyments of this world and endows him with the love of God.

Hunqar Haji Bektash Veli

Haji Bektash Veli, was born in the town Nisabur, in Khorasan of Persia on 1248 in a family from prophetic background. Since the very early age he showed rare qualities of intelligence and virtues, which he showed-up in the studies in the Persian schools.

The spread of Bektashee Tariqat in the world

After the followers of Haji Bekash Veli, Ballëm Sulltan has been one of the greatest reformers of the Bektashee tarikat in the world. He has made the organization of the tekkes (gjyshata) and all other structures.

Ballëm Sultan

Josef Balliu ose Ballëm Sultan was born on 1452, in the town of Dimoteka, Bullgaria. He was raised with a broad culture, and became well-known for his religious knowledge. Since in early age he was going often with his father in the tekke of Sejjid Ali Sultan.

The Albanian Bektashee Tariqat

The first data for the Bektashee tariqat in Albania are given by Evlia Celebi, died around 1680, who talk for the visits he paid at the Bektashee tekkes of Kanian and Vlora region. The Bektashee tekke of Kanina it is said that it has been build by Haji Bektash and the groom of Sultan Bajazit II.

Sari Salltik in Albania

The Bektashee is a mystical Islamic path dealing with the perfection of man. It is the path that leads the follower and sends him to the desired objective, in nearness to God. It is that unique mystical line that detaches the follower from all the enjoyments of this world and endows him with the love of God.

THE TOMORR MOUNTAIN AND THE FOOTPRINT OF ABBAS ALI

This mountain is not like the others, but it is a vision. It stands on the shallow hilly level all alone, without rivals and without a second one like it. It is a protective wall for the great castle, which side fall craggy. It is a sacred and holy mountain.

THE BEKTASHEE TARIQAT AND THE ALBANIAN NATIONAL CAUSE

The new nationalists as Rexhep Pashë Mati, Shahin Bej Kolonja, Mehmed Ali Pashë Vrioni, Ismail Qemal Vlora, Fadil Pashë Toptani, and Bajo Topulli, who found support from the Bektashee institutions, represented by Father Hysen Melçanit,Father Abedin Frashëri, Father Salih Elbasani, Father Ahmet Koshtani, Father Shaban Prishta and Father Xhemal Përmeit…

THE FRASHËR AND FRASHËRI BROTHERS

A great meeting is held in Frasher under the lead of Father Alush, where all the Fathers and elite of Tosk region participated. An act with three articles was issued:

THE HOLLY SEAT OF THE WORLD BEKTASHI

The government of the King Zog, respecting the will of the bektashi cler with a special decree nominated on March 1930, Sali Niazi Dede, as Bektashi World Leader, and on Agust of the same year decided to put the World Kryegjyshata in Melcan, Korca and one year later with the decision no. 659, dt. 02.08.1930 put the Holly Seat in Tirana.

BEKTASHI LITERATURE IN ALBANIA

A very rich artistic, theologic, and philosophic literature was cultivated in the tekkes of Albania which had a large and ancient network. The Albanian writing was flourished on this culturally rich foundation, although with Arabic alphabet.

PERSECUTION OF BEKTASHI CLER

On June 15 th 1826, the military cantonment was burned down before the night came, the rebellion janissary troops were disappeared from earth.

BEKTASHI LITERATURE IN THE WORLD

The bektashi literature is made of verses (nefeses) written by the clerics or bektashi laics in which they express spiritual love for God.

DECORATED CLERS

– Dede Reshat Bardhi, Order: “National Flag”.
– Father AlushFrashëri, Order “Honor of Nation”. Father Fejzë Bulqiza, Order “Honor of Nation”.
– Father Rexhebi, Order “Honor of Nation” .
– Father Sali Matohasanaj, Order “Honor of Nation”.